The military have attempted to improve command and control capabilities through the combat force since the dawn of recorded history.
Over time, the speed of communications and the range of effects made C2 increasingly important in all areas of warfare. With the increased speed of hypersonic munitions, global non-kinetic fires, and the emergence of algorithmically enhanced warfare, it is now imperative that the Department of Defense develop a unified approach to developing the capabilities necessary to capture, sustain and protect our information and our decision-making advantage over our adversaries. .
During World War II, Admiral Arleigh Burke noted that “the difference between a good officer and a poor one is about 10 seconds”. Future conflicts with even opponents will reduce this delay to a few milliseconds. Decision advantage must be achieved at speeds beyond human capacity without assistance. Artificial intelligence, machine learning, and an interoperable, data-driven approach to software development will be the backbone of future C2 capabilities needed to gain strategic advantage.
Traditionally, each military service has independently developed multidomain C2 capabilities without sufficient emphasis on joint, coalition and interagency interoperability in all domains.
However, on January 31, 2020, the Assistant Secretary of Defense formally established the joint cross-functional all-domain C2 team as an interdepartmental organization to align, converge, synchronize and integrate all development of C2 capabilities throughout the lifecycle. life of the acquisition.
JADC2 CFT’s unique governance structure aligns it directly under the Assistant Secretary of Defense for oversight of resources through the Deputy Minister’s Management Action Group and also under the Joint Oversight Board of Requirements for Resources. day-to-day activities required to validate requirements and capabilities. The CFT is responsible for implementing the JADC2 strategy of the Secretary of Defense and the associated framework necessary for the successful implementation of the concept of joint combat.
The CFT has been extremely successful in bringing together many stakeholders representing the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the armed forces, combat commands, agencies and mission partners in a governance body streamlined and empowered to accelerate the implementation of the JADC2 framework and critical core technologies.
With the approval by the Secretary of Defense of the JADC2 strategy and posture review and implementation plan approved by the corresponding Deputy Secretary of Defense in 2021, the CFT further identified plans for action and the milestones necessary for the provision of capacities through five areas of effort:
- Data company.
- Human enterprise.
- Technical company.
- Integration of C2 nuclear power and communications.
- Modernization of information sharing with mission partners.
Integrated from the start, the fourth and fifth elements are essential components of the JADC2 framework due to their unique operational importance. Overall, these focus areas are broad enough to encompass all C2 modernization efforts, but contain tasks specific enough to be actionable.
These foundational documents and artifacts enhance the unity of effort in all JADC2 offerings, to include those developed as part of the Air Force’s Advanced Combat Management System, the Navy’s Project Overmatch, the Convergence Project of the military and the Joint AI Center and the artificial intelligence and data manager’s data. Acceleration effort. These also provide a framework to ensure alignment with other efforts to modernize C2, such as the DoD digital modernization strategy and the concept of joint combat.
Through the iterative development of the JADC2 reference architecture, several core technologies and modernization efforts are also integrated into a single, cohesive document. This living document establishes a common baseline for interoperability while taking into account technological changes, ongoing analysis, experimentation and lessons learned.
The reference architecture includes the technological pillars of JADC2, as well as the main technological enablers and minimum viable products. Through conformance with the Reference Architecture, all future JADC2-related efforts are able to achieve unity of effort as they tackle DoD’s most difficult modernization tasks, including the implementing zero trust, identity management, cloud services, DevSecOps, and enhanced transport capacity, all of which must work in mission partner environments.
The JADC2 framework provides a holistic, enterprise-wide approach to delivering both physical and non-physical C2 capabilities to enable joint force commanders to gain and maintain an information and decision advantage over global opponents throughout the competition continuum.
The adversaries of the United States are starting to get ahead and they will not wait for us to catch up with them. We have yet to synchronize our efforts and succeed where others have failed before. Hurry up.
Brig. General Rob Parker is the deputy director of J-6 and chairs the cross-functional joint command and control team. Cmdr. John Stuckey is the Artificial Intelligence Officer in the Joint Command and Control Division of All Areas of J-6.